|Title||Karyotypes of the most primitive catfishes (Teleostei: Siluriformes: Diplomystidae)|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1997|
|Authors||Campos H, Arratia GF, Cuevas C|
|Journal||Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research|
|Keywords||Biochemistry studies - General 10506, Biophysics - Molecular properties and macromolecules 62510, Chordata: general and systematic - Pisces, Genetics - Animal 10060, Osteichthyes  Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics Genetics Systematics and Taxonomy Pisces Vertebrata Chordata Animalia 03506|
Karyotypes of Diplomystes camposensis and Diplomystes nahuelbutaensis were the same diploid D. camposensis was 16 metacentric + 24 submetacentric + 8 subtelocentric + 8 telocentric chromosomes and for D. nahuelbutaensis was 14 metacentric + 26 submetacentric + 8 subtelocentric + 8 telocentric chromosomes. In contrast, the differences in the chromosomal C-banding patterns between these species was large. For instance, chromosome pairs 5, 6, and 7 of D. nahuelbutaensis showed heterochromatic centromeres and pairs 23, 24. 27, and 28 were entirely heterochromatic. Diplomystes camposensis showed conspicuous C-banded blocks in pairs 7, 24, and 25 (chromosome pair 7 had one heterochromatic arm, chromosome pair 24 was entirely heterochromatic, and chromosome pair 25 had heterochromatin close to centromere). Comparison with other ostariophysan karyotypes (e.g. gymnotiforms, characiforms, and cypriniforms), does not allow any conclusions about the plesiomorphic catfish condition, because the karyotypes of the outgroups are too variable. A synapomorphy shared by characiforms, gymnotiforms, and diplomystid catfishes is the presence of more metacentric to submetacentric than subtelocentric to telocentric chromosomes. Cypriniforms are more primitive because they have more subtelocentric to telocentric than metacentric to submetacentric chromosomes.